The ancient legend that human has a mystical sense organ – the so-called “third eye” – have deep and strong roots in the eastern, predominantly Hindu culture. In the esoteric European traditions there is no mention of the third eye.
In many Hindu legends and myths of this unusual organ it is an indispensable feature of the deities. It was believed that with its help they could penetrate into any corner of the universe and see the future. The image of the third eye on the forehead of deities is often present in paintings and sculptures in Hindu and Buddhist temples and is related to a tradition to put a spot between the eyebrows of Indian women.
Some researchers of ancient civilizations and traditional cultures believe that the third eye is a legacy of extraterrestrial ancestors of humans. According to legends, it granted to them remarkable abilities – hypnosis and clairvoyance, telepathy and telekinesis, the ability to get knowledge directly from the cosmic mind, to know the past and future, and even to overcome the force of gravity.
After the Hindu yoga traditions got in Europe and America in the second half of the nineteenth century, there appeared an association of the third eye with the sixth chakra and the pineal gland of the brain. However, in the ancient texts of India there is no mention that the pineal gland is the physical representative of the third eye. It apparently happened because mystical techniques of yoga had to be facilitated in order to be understandable for the western public. Then materialistically-minded mystics established idea that Hindu mystic organs – the chakra – represent the endocrine glands of the physical body. The pineal gland was related to the Ajna chakra, although it is not located near the forehead, where Hindus draw the third eye.
The functions of this gland are still unknown, so it was given certain magical properties. The attention to the pineal gland was paid even by early philosophers and mystics in Europe in modern times. For the first time the pineal gland was described by Vesalius, anatomist of the Renaissance. A founder of a new European philosophy – French philosopher Rene Descartes – in the first half of the 17th century believed that the pineal gland was a point of the interaction between mind and body.
For the last hundred years, the idea of the existence of the third eye was supported by some findings of biologists and paleontologists who discovered some rare species of higher animals that have a real third eye. The most characteristic one is Tuatara, a rare type of reptile living on the islands of New Zealand. Scientists have discovered a true third eye, located on top of its head. Despite the fact that the “eye” is covered with skin, it can recognize the amount of lighting.
There are still many issues associated with the pineal gland which have not been clarified. Scientists recognize that it has a function of internal clock. It is also indirectly affected by the light. When the darkness is approaching, it triggers the secretion of a hormone called melatonin, which ceases when the dawn is approaching.
It was also found that the hormone melatonin is produced from serotonin. The latter is similar to LSD, but they act as antagonists: LSD changes the concentration of serotonin in certain brain cells, causing dramatic changes in perception.
For the last hundred years, numerous Western mystics believed that a proper development and use of the pineal gland is the key to the implementation of intuition and the expression of specific mental extrasensory properties. It is believed that the third eye contains mechanisms for the implementation of different higher capacities.
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