Business process automation (BPA) is an unstoppable process in today’s society, which relies on technology so heavily. But could it lead to human workers being totally replaced by robots?

I’ve never felt threatened by a computer program. I have had my backside handed to me by Scrabble apps, raid bosses have killed my avatar and Microsoft Word tends to be better at spelling. But I doubt any software today could write a good novel or heartfelt poetry. For the time being, my intended field is secure.

However, job-specific, Artificial Intelligence programming used in business process automation has increased the complexity of tasks machines can perform.

Amazon’s Business Process Automation and Displaced Employees

Business process automation and the transition to an AI workforce in Amazon warehouses is a way to explore what the future holds for displaced workers. Yet, with a reduction in jobs that require less education, judgement or technical skill, how can education keep up, or will a lack of opportunity leave many behind?

From too short bathroom breaks to unreasonable quotas or mandatory overtime, a quick search for Amazon warehouse workers brings up a dozen articles, videos and testimonials about poor working conditions. Payscale lists one year, as the average time most employees stay with the company, among the lowest of the Fortune 500 companies.

With so many protesting quality of its work environment, the reason Amazon has job seekers lining up at new warehouse events could only be for better pay or lack of opportunity elsewhere. What often limits pay and work opportunity is training, skill and experience.

Since Amazon’s 2012’s purchase of Kiva (now Amazon Robotics) jobs requiring less training, skill and experience have been the first target for replacement with robotics. (Forbes, 2016).  The same year as its robotics investment, Amazon developed a program called Career Choice, to prepare displaced workers for new opportunities.

Amazon’s Career Choice

From the Outset, Career Choice was praised for offering training in fields that did not benefit the company. Some examples include healthcare and airplane maintenance. But in August 2016, Amazon introduced its first airplane, Amazon One. And According to CNBC News, in March 2018, Amazon entered the healthcare industry.

It would be unusual for Amazon not to have long-term plans and corporate self-interest. Still, it does not change the benefit. In 2017, Amazon celebrated the milestone of ten-thousand participants in the Career Choice Program. These employees are given no-strings-attached education in a field they choose.

This means that yes, they can end up with a new job at Amazon. At the same time, there’s no reason why they can’t find competitive careers elsewhere.

Business Wire reports that new programs offered in 2017 “include robotics, engineering and technology, computer science, photovoltaic (PV) design principles and practices learning.”

Perhaps these newer offerings are a projection of where the company is heading in the next 5-6 years. Though replicating Career Choice might be challenging for smaller companies, it’s still a leading example in corporate responsibility.

What It Means

In 2018, Amazon warehouse jobs are what more than a half-million workers rely on worldwide (Ghosh, Business Insider). Considering the amount of human labor necessary to run each warehouse has decreased due to robotics, is ten-thousand plus, participants in the Career Choice program enough to offset the replaced labor?

On the other hand, while it is helpful for PR, is it the employer’s responsibility to train workers when their jobs are replaced with technology? After all, the job my great-grandmother performed in a textile factory is now performed by machines. One of the duties my grandfather had at King Kullen is being replaced with self-checkout.

Fewer large printing presses were being financed in the digital age and my father started working with cogeneration, renewable energy. My father was able to expand his business’s focus using his education and experience.

But for the loss of jobs that require less training, displaced employees may be left without relevant skills. Now, more than ever, it’s is important for government and business policy to emulate Career Choice. This is because College and costly education are becoming tied with job-relevant skills.

Business Process Automation and College Education

The reason for choosing college education shifted in 1967, according to the Washington Post, from intellectual curiosity to getting a job (Selingo, 2015).

What was different when my father was ten years old? My father originally wanted to be a carpenter. But as he became an adult, he decided on accounting, as there was a better market for work. He was able to juggle baseball, school and work at a catering house to pay for college. Yet, this was still a transitionary period when an entry-level serving job could pay enough of a bachelor’s degree for him to afford it.

From this point, the choice of college expense transformed from if you have the money to you need to spend money to make more money. The increase in student debt over the past 15 years is a result of this transformation. Students are spending money on education, even when they don’t have it.

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