Ever heard the expression “spouting yellow bile”? That could be your choleric temperament!

Choleric temperament is based on the four temperaments system. This system is one of the world’s oldest types of personality theory and is based on an ancient medical concept – humourism. Humours refer to bodily fluids that are present within the body and according to the different proportions of those fluids defines one’s temperaments.

These four temperaments are:

  • Sanguine
  • Phlegmatic
  • Choleric
  • Melancholic

What is a choleric temperament?

Choleric literally means “yellow bile”, so people with a choleric temperament are quick to anger. They are described as yellow-faced, lean, hairy, proud, ambitious, revengeful, and shrewd. The Choleric is actually the least occurring of the four temperaments. What’s more, a female Choleric is extremely rare!

The choleric temperament can be further broken down further into three combinations. These are:

  • Choleric-Sanguine – strong
  • Choleric-Phlegmatic – moderate
  • Choleric-Melancholy – mild

These combinations can affect the choleric temperament and modify it in some significant way because of the influence of the secondary temperament. Therefore, it is possible to have at least three levels of intensity of the choleric a temperament: strong, moderate, and mild. Some Cholerics will be very strong, others are moderate, and still others more mild.

Do you have a choleric temperament?

If you think you might have a choleric temperament, you might find you show signs of at least one of these.

Sign of a choleric temperament 1: Results-focused

Cholerics are naturally result-oriented and highly motivated to succeed. They have active, positive, and forward movement, even in an environment that might be fraught with difficulty.

People with choleric temperament are normally able to influence their environment by overcoming opposition. They aim to get results, they know what they want and won’t settle for less!

Sign of a choleric temperament 2: Independent

Cholerics are extroverted, quick-thinking, active, practical, strong-willed – but they are easily annoyed. They are self-confident, self-sufficient, and very independent minded.

They are brief, direct, to the point, and firm when communicating with others. It is this which can make them more difficult to get to know personally. They will often hide their real personality behind tranquillity and humour.

Cholerics like pressure and are easily bored when things are not happening fast enough. They are bold and like to take risks.

Sign of a choleric temperament 3: Decision-makers

Cholerics are usually domineering, decisive, and opinionated. They find it easy to make decisions for themselves as well as for others. They wake up wanting to control, change or overcome something…anything!

They leave little room for negotiatingit’s usually their way or no way. People with mixed choleric-sanguine, or strong choleric temperament, are very self-sufficient and need a lot of time alone.

Sign of a choleric temperament 4: Connections

Choleric-phlegmatic type is the most romantic type between choleric people. They give special gifts and celebrate special events. Loyalty is crucial to them. They are visionaries and seem to never run out of ideas, plans, and goals, which are all usually practical.

They are often busy or engaged in a lot of activities simultaneously, which means they do not require as much sleep as the other temperaments. Their activity, however, always has a purpose because of their goal-oriented nature.

Sign of a choleric temperament 5: Fighters

Cholerics usually do not give in to the pressure of what others think unless they see that they cannot get their desired results. They can be crusaders against social injustice, and they love to fight for a cause.

They are slow to build relationships and tend to have only a few close friends because results are more important than people. Cholerics do not easily empathise with the feelings of others or show compassion. They think big and seek positions of authority.

Sign of a choleric temperament 6: Assertive

Cholerics tend to not be angry, although their assertive push to get results may be interpreted as anger.

Choleric temperament in everyday life

Choleric personalities are usually not interested in several relationships at once and have little dating experience when they are young. They may act awkwardly and if they don’t envision a future with you, which may suddenly cause them to treat you with neglect and be very impatient. Because of their forthright style and ‘take-charge’ approach, they are likely to end a relationship abruptly when you may not even expect it.

On the other hand, if they find someone who they think is worthy of their time and effort, they will focus intensively on that person. They can be very romantic and are ready for a deep commitment.

Instead of expressing their emotions, they will focus on pleasing you by getting you what you want. They like to be needed; they want you to describe them your problems and difficulties so that they can fix it for you.

In general, with choleric people, you know where you stand. They will let you know what they want and how they wish to proceed. If they think they could have a future with you, they become very dedicated partners, sensitive to the slightest sign of rejection.

If you see yourself with any of these signs, chances are you too may well have a choleric temperament!


  1. www.psychologytoday.com

Copyright © 2019 Learning Mind. All rights reserved. For permission to reprint, contact us.