Law and order keep us safe and under control. For the most part, we can all get along with that. So, what is it in our psychology that makes some people content with obedience, while others shun the whole idea?
Obedience and obeying the rules seem like second nature to most of us. We navigate our entire lives within the confines of the rules set by our parents, our schools, our jobs, and our country. This is not a bad thing, despite what the class clowns might want you to think.
The Psychology of Obedience
There are a whole host of reasons for why we obey. These extend from a fear of punishment to truly believing in what we’re told to do. These reasons can be personal or very general, based on our natural human psychology.
Status Quo Bias
This theory on the psychology of obedience highlights our desire to avoid change. Traditionally we tend to stick with rules and routines that we’re used to. We obey rules that are ingrained in society because deviating might mean losing what we’ve already established.
We feel we have less to lose if we obey the rules. This is because our lives will stay the same when we don’t deviate from tradition. Just like choosing the same meal in a restaurant with every visit, we simply try to avoid regret. This is called Loss Aversion.
We’re also victims of the Mere Exposure Effect. This theory suggests that we choose obedience simply because we’ve been exposed to it. This suggests that psychological obedience is actually created environmentally. If our parents and friends are obedient people, we usually are too.
We know we’re being watched. Sometimes, our obedience isn’t psychological at all. We may disagree with the rules. We may wish we were behaving differently.
Unfortunately, the presence of CCTV cameras means we typically do our best to obey the rules. The risk of being caught in the act is too great when we know we could be seen.
When we fear punishment, we obey the rules. Authority figures have this kind of power. The psychological element of this kind of obedience is the anxiety we feel when it comes to consequences. We are terrified of being scolded. We dread having our luxuries taken away. If we disobey at work, we lose our job.
Similarly, our obedience can be influenced by Reward Power. In this case, we obey the rules and demands of others because we want to be rewarded. This could be praise, a raise, or even awards. Psychologically, rewards can even be more influential on our willingness to obey than the fear of punishment.
Psychologists hold that The Agentic State is a mind-space we enter which influences our obedience. This especially applies when the order or rule we’ve been given is not something we like. We shift into this state to put blame on those who gave the orders, rather than ourselves.
A real-life application of this psychological state is seen in those who commit terrible crimes. Psychologists first noticed this phenomenon during the trials of officers who worked under Hitler. These Nazi officers would use the “I was only doing as I was told” excuse to justify their part in such heinous crimes.
The agentic state allowed them to hide behind their superiors, and genuinely believed they were blameless, despite carrying out monstrous acts. By convincing ourselves that we wouldn’t be to blame, we’re much more likely to obey even the evilest of commands.
But why, if we’re so psychologically prone to obedience, do we ever disobey?
When we crave popularity or acceptance into a group, we’ll do whatever it takes. Back in school, the “popular kids” tended to be the ones who broke the rules. They skipped class, drank alcohol and took drugs. They disobeyed most rules set by teachers and parents, and they were adored for it.
Especially in our teenage years, rebellion is considered desirable. It shows courage and a laid-back attitude that draws attention.
With this theory, all the psychology that goes into obedience flies out of the window. If we wanted to be liked by the “coolest” of our peers, we had to disobey. Right and wrong weren’t factors.
Education is a strong factor in the psychology of disobedience. Simply put, the more naïve you are, the more likely you are to follow without thinking. With intelligence comes the ability to review rules, and especially government policies, for yourself.
The rise in protests and acts of defiance around the world recently can be blamed on new knowledge. These are known as acts of Civil Disobedience.
These rule-breaking, and sometimes law-breaking, protests are the result of education. As we become more knowledgeable about matters of climate change or social justice, we begin to realize that our rules and laws are incorrect. We try to rise up and get noticed by politicians, who we feel aren’t as educated on certain matters.
In order to have these injustices rectified, we have to break some rules. As the saying goes, you cannot make an omelet without first breaking some eggs. Psychologically, we feel our knowledge outranks the traditional hierarchies. This can include parent to child, teacher to student, or citizen to government.
Consider the story of Robin Hood. Steal from the rich, give to the poor. This is an obvious act of disobedience; theft is a crime. However, we can often justify our actions if we think we’ve done them for the greater good.
If your family is poor and starving, is it okay to steal bread to feed them? If you’re under threat, is self-defense a valid excuse for murder?
Sometimes, we believe we must do something bad in order to rectify wrongdoing. This could be to ourselves personally, or on behalf of society as a whole.
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This Post Has 3 Comments
It seems to me that it comes down to four dominant traits, Conformity, Harmony, Resistance and Improvement. Conformists devote their attention to making the best of what is, while those who want to make everything better value Improvements more than acceptance. People who value Harmony must avoid conflict, while those who are unhappy with the status quo or want to stand-out must Resist what they see is broken.
I believe everyone leans toward one of these four traits at the core of their personality and it is difficult for most to lean in another direction without dire circumstances. On a personal level, it’s important to find which of these traits you lean toward and learn how to express yourself in the most constructive ways, especially with conflicting traits. On a relational level, it’s important to recognize which traits others lean toward and find ways to constructively maintain individuality AND collective best. On an organizational or governmental level, it’s important to create constructive ways everyone can express their individuality for the collective best and not excerpt too much pressure to ‘hold them down.’ And finally, the collective best can be a rocky road for cultures, who typically adopt their own dominate trait and reject all others, so if you embrace a particular culture, it’s important to recognize which trait dominates and consider the other points of view on your own to get a more balanced view.
I was searching for a different but similar topic and I took my time to read this article.
Disobeing the government it is not WRONG, as the article shadowly implies. After all it is written by a woman, and we all know that women love to obey the rules, especially if rules are enforced by sociopathic and handsome men.
Mankind was created to be free and lIve free, no rules, but no sin also. No man shall prevail or dictate his will over other free men. That was the rule back in the days when men were not cowards or SJWs.
Fear is the reason mankind complies, and fear is an illusion, it’s not real. People who live in fear can’t be free at all, they live in a prison of their mind because they haven’t learned how to be guided by their soul, all they know is logic, and that it’s WRONG.
The politicians are educated on the popular “educated” beliefs. Protesters are lock step with global plans of tyranny. Social justice, climate are their tools. Cloud seeding since 1940s. Free health care to id targets & groom into terrorism. Seeing yourself as righteous, superior & “others” as deplorable is the thing. Inquisition or social justice—people always see themselves as the good and what they’re doing as necessary while blind to how evil they are.