Did the Big Bang really happen? Probably not, according to two physicists who wish to revive one of the most popular arguments of the twentieth century. What these guys think is completely different from what cosmologists thought about the universe.
Where did the Big Bang theory come from?
The words “Big Bang theory” came from the mind of astrophysicist Fred Hoyle as a joke. In actuality, Hoyle did not believe in the theory, but believed that everything existed just because it once existed before. This may seem confusing, but it simply means that the universe, according to Hoyle, was an endless loop – no beginning/no end.
Contradictory evidence suggests that the Big Bang did happen. Traces of radiation seem to prove the universe originated from a single point in time. Although there are so many questions and loose ends, scientists for the most part see this theory as the best possible explanation for the universe. It is basically the most popular viewpoint, and could be just as plausible as any other idea.
University of Egypt’s Dr. Ahmed Farag follows inconsistencies in the Big Bang theory. He points out the fact that the theories of relativity break down at the point of singularity. Together with Saurya Das, professor at the University of Lethbridge, Canada, Farag created equations that follow Hoyle’s theory. These equations suggest that the universe had no beginning or end. These findings were published in Physics letters B, and another paper by Das together with Rajat Bhaduri of Manchester University in Canada is awaiting publication.
The idea of the studies was not to discredit the work of David Bauhm and Amal Kumar Raychauduri, who followed the Big Bang theory; it was to unite the ideas. These collaborations connected relativity with quantum mechanics. Although studies were not conclusively for or against the Big Bang theory, equations focused on the universe being much smaller at some point in time.
Resulting from the studies, scientists embark upon quests to unite the two great theories. Quantum gravity has been the subject of exploration and study for some time now, along with gravitons or quantum fluid.
What are Gravitons?
Gravitons have no mass but transmit gravity. It is suggested in an additional study by Ali and Das that gravitons were present in the earlier universe, creating macroscopic quantum phenomena. This phenomena may have been the very thing that, in turn, created dark energy.
Ali and Das have constructed a partial theory of quantum gravity that would be compatible with future ideas. Only time will tell if these theories will run into bigger inconsistencies and problems. The universe, it seems, continues to unfold and reveal layers upon layers of answers. Did the Big Bang really happen? Is our universe only a continual loop with no beginning or end? Let’s keep asking those questions, shall we.