We understand that the Big Bang created the universe, but how did existence remain stable after the Big Bang?
This question creates other questions about why particles didn’t disintegrate after this monumental explosion. What held existence altogether? What force kept dust in certain areas, forming planets and suns in vast numbers?
There are a couple of theories of why the Big Bang didn’t make the universe completely collapse.
Many scientists speculate that something could still be missing from physics as we know it. As of now, the standard model of particle physics has not explained why the universe survived the Big Bang, says Professor Arttu Rajantie of the department of physics at Imperial College London.
The last known area of the standard model involves the Higgs Boson particle and its relation to gravity. So far, this area cannot be measured in a particle accelerator. It does, however, have a large effect on the instability of the Higgs during inflation.
The key here, apparently, is to study this relationship closely and apply what is learned to the beginning of the universe. Cosmological observations can monitor other areas of the universe for telltale signs of the same interactions, and this can complete areas of physics which, as of now, remain a mystery.
Gathered from this information, is the idea that gravity may be the missing part of the equation. Even a small amount of gravity can hold particles together without the need for new physics. Physicists from London, Copenhagen and Helsinki have a simple explanation for gravity’s role on the creation of the universe. Apparently, the basic reaction between gravity and the Higgs Boson was enough to hold the universe together.
In a nutshell, if cosmological data can provide correct measurements between gravity and the Higgs Boson field, we will have the last unknown number missing from the standard model of physics. We will be one step closer to understanding life and how we came into existence. It is well worth the work, the curiosity and the dreams of the human race.
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