Wormholes in space-time continuum, which are a great method of the rapid movements between different parts of the universe, are certainly well known to the readers of science fiction. Moreover, the concept of wormholes is well described in the space-time theory, where they are called Einstein-Rosen bridges and represent the deformation of space-time continuum. But apart from wormholes in nature, there is another related phenomenon called quantum entanglement, and a group of physicists from the University of Washington and the Stony Brook University in New York believes that these two phenomena are inextricably linked with each other.
Quantum entanglement is one of the most unexplained phenomena observed in the world around us and Albert Einstein called it “spooky interaction at a distance”. This phenomenon occurs when a pair of particles or groups of particles are subjected to a variety of impacts, after which they begin to act as a single entity. Changing the state of one of the objects entangled at the quantum level is instantly synchronized with the change of state of the second object, which can be located at a distance of a few nanometers from the first, or be on the other side of the universe. Moreover, almost any object can be entangled at the quantum level, from the tiniest particle to the black holes of masses and sizes, many times exceeding those of the sun.
Theoretical studies conducted by the group of scientists touched only the case of entanglement of two black holes at the quantum level. If to avoid going into the wilds of mathematical theories, it can be argued that two black holes will be linked by a sufficiently large wormhole in space-time through which the quantum state of the two objects will be united. Due to the nature of black holes that absorb all the matter and radiation entering the zone of gravitational traps, such wormholes cannot be used for any movement in the universe, nor to transfer information between two points. However, perhaps in the distant future people will find a way to overcome the event horizons of black holes that will allow them to penetrate into the entangled black holes and move through the wormhole connecting them.
We can say that this work demonstrates the equivalence of the phenomena of quantum mechanics with some physical phenomena occurring in the ordinary world. “These two classes of processes are described by two different mathematical apparatus“, says Andreas Karch, professor of physics at the University of Washington. “Nevertheless, these phenomena, quantum entanglement and a wormhole in space-time, essentially concern the same physical process. This knowledge will allow us to develop new technologies and tools by which people will be able to use these two phenomena for their benefit.”
“In our studies we have not invented or discovered anything new. All we did is use the original data and the physical laws known to people for at least 15 years. We only looked in a new way at two different phenomena, found a lot of similarities and drew conclusions about their almost complete identity“, wrote Andreas Karch in the article published recently in the journal Physical Review Letters.