Internet. Maybe not every person can give a precise definition of this word, but it is safe to say that even small kids know about the existence of “magic something” where you can find a lot of things to learn.
There is the exact time of birth of the Internet – October 29, 1969, when for the first time a connection was established between the remote nodes in the network ARPANET. For decades after that, programs, systems and network protocols have been developed, till the concept of the World Wide Web was born in 1989. It is worth noting that the root cause of the creation of a global system of integrated global computer networks was strategic. Since there was an arms race between the USSR and the USA, America needed to provide itself with a reliable system of information transmission in case of war.
Now the Internet is a huge information bank, and the areas of its use are multi-faceted: this electronic library contains a large number of works of literature, music, films, online radio and TV streaming, communication, social networking, and numerous news-based content projects, and much more. In our time it is difficult to imagine life without the Internet. But do we really know anything about how this global information resource is used by security services in certain countries?
It is possible to compile a dossier and make a kind of psychological profile of every person who has ever used the Internet. With the help of a certain kind of programs it is not too difficult. They know what you did today, what you were looking for in the search engines, whom you talked to, what books you read, what your interests are. They know your circle of friends and relatives and even your income, since you tell your friends where and how you spent your vacation, and share your views on a number of issues. Perhaps someone will say: “So what? I have nothing to hide.” But another question is what purpose is this done for? And how to avoid control over our personal lives?
Everyone has heard about the high-profile case of Edward Joseph Snowden, an American technical assistant who worked for the CIA and the U.S. National Security Agency. In the early summer of 2013, Edward gave the media classified information about total surveillance of security services of USA, UK, Australia, New Zealand and Canada on communications between citizens of different countries around the world, using the existing information networks and means of communication, as well as information about the PRISM program.
It is a program of total surveillance via telephone and internet on the citizens of all countries of the world. With the help of it you can read emails, listen to voice and video chat, view photos, read the forwarded files, in general, to know everything about a person. “Much of what I saw in Geneva, really saved me from illusions about how my government works. I realized that I am a part of something that brings much more harm than good”, this is how Snowden summarized his years of work for the CIA.
In the beginning, he had hope for change after the election of President Barack Obama but everything just got worse. And then he decided to radically change his life and make public the information he knew because of his work. Here’s what Snowden wrote: “I understand that I have to pay for my actions, but I will be satisfied if the secret laws, unequal impunity and irresistible executive power that rules the world that I love, are disclosed at least for a moment. I hope that it will cause discussion among the citizens of the world about what kind of world we want to live in.”
Major social networks, search engines, email providers and peer-to-peer communications applications participate in this program of total surveillance. In every house, in every apartment, in every corner of the earth, wherever there is a computer and the Internet connection, a person who uses these benefits is connected to the system of total surveillance. What purpose are similar projects implemented for? Some of them are the manipulation and control, since information on the Internet is distributed with incredible speed. So, playing on the strings of the human psyche, knowing everything about people’s private lives and using this information may be beneficial for some circles.