5 Existential Questions with Two Possible Answers (and Both Are Terrifying)

//5 Existential Questions with Two Possible Answers (and Both Are Terrifying)

existential questions

Existential questions have tortured human minds for millennia. Who are we? Where do we come from? What is the purpose of our existence?

If you are a deep thinker, you have probably asked yourself these and other existential questions. We are the only species on Earth that wonders about its own existence. Unfortunately, these queries rarely lead us to a certain answer. They just leave us questioning and desperately trying to understand things that are bigger than ourselves. Sometimes it feels like these things are just not meant to be understood.

Today, let’s explore five existential questions which have only two possible answers. Moreover, the questions themselves are so terrifying that whichever answer is true, it is a scary thing to imagine.

1. Is there an afterlife?

You would certainly expect to see this question on this list. This is probably one of the first existential questions humans asked themselves. We all lose our loved ones to death and we all know that one day we will die too, so it makes sense why we want to know what awaits us on the other side. So, is there life after death?

If yes, then there are so many scenarios of what exactly happens when we die. They start with the world’s oldest religions and end with fresh controversial theories like biocentrism. We humans have always feared the unknown, that’s why speculations about death make most of us feel uncomfortable.

What awaits us after death? The Christian Judgment Day? The Buddhist reincarnation? The scenarios are endless, but they all have one thing in common – our fate after death will depend on our deeds during our earthly life. And this is a pretty gloomy possibility for the majority of people, given all the meanness, greed and violence that we witness today.

If there is nothing after death and we just cease to exist, it may be even more terrifying. This scenario brings us to the materialistic view of life in which we are nothing but biochemical machines that simply break down one day. So our consciousness, along with everything that makes us who we are, just vanishes forever. This perspective also suggests that there is no deeper meaning in our existence and we are just part of the natural cycle of life and death.

2. Is the universe finite?

This is a more recent but also ancient existential question. Since the humanity started to observe celestial bodies, more queries about our place in this world arose. Cosmological theories asking whether the universe is finite or infinite first appeared in the ancient Greece and Mesopotamia. Since then, astronomy has advanced to an enormous extent and today we know so many things about our universe. Still, there is no conclusive answer to the question whether it is finite or infinite.

According to a popular theory of the multiverse, our universe is just one of the multiple others. However, even if our own universe is finite, then does this bunch of multiple universes end? If there is such thing as the multiverse, the problem of infinity still remains unsolved. And when you try to imagine either possibility, you probably find it difficult because our brains are not designed to capture the concept of infinity.

3. Are we alone in the universe?

The remarkable advances of the recent years in astronomy and space exploration have made this question particularly popular. Everyone from prominent researchers to sci-fi lovers has suggested their theories and views on the matter.

The perspective that we are not the only living species in the universe brings more questions than answers. What are extraterrestrial beings like? Are they intelligent life forms like us? If yes, then why don’t they attempt to contact us? All these questions pave the way to further imagination and speculation.

The only thing is for sure – extraterrestrials will probably be nothing like us. And here I’m not talking only about the way they look – the very life form of alien beings may be based on a different element. If here on Earth, all living organisms are built of carbon compounds, an alien planet with a completely different environment could have silicon or ammonia-based life forms. Just imagining that one day we may encounter an unknown extraterrestrial civilization is exciting and scary at the same time.

On the other hand, if we are indeed alone in the universe, the very thought of it brings the feelings of loneliness and fear. Just think about it – we are the only living beings lost in the depths of the vast and cold space… How lonely and frightening does it sound?

4. Is there a Higher power?

Another one of the most ancient existential questions humans asked themselves. The religious and traditional way of thinking gives a positive answer to this question. For centuries, this point of view was perceived as the only truth. The existence of God was not questioned and people tended to think that their lives were in His pity. The absolute faith in God’s will took the responsibility off their shoulders as they believed He was the only one who controlled their lives. This belief also cultivated the fear of death, which was regarded as the most important moment in a soul’s journey when its fate was decided.

With the development of science and materialistic philosophy though, more and more people started to believe that there is no higher power. According to this perspective, humans rule their own lives without any extra help from some supreme being. This means that our life is in our hands and we hold the full responsibility for it.

5. Is our existence just a product of a sequence of random events or is this all meant to be?

Continuing with the previous existential question, if there is no Higher power and the human has a full control of his life, then why do bad things happen? No one wishes bad things for themselves, yet, they often happen even to good people. According to one point of view, our life is just a sequence of random events which have no deeper meaning. So if tough times come in your way, you shouldn’t look for any hidden lessons in them.

On the other hand, people tend to seek a meaning in everything that happens to them. It hurts to realize that our existence in this world means nothing and serves only for biological and evolutionary purposes. For this reason, even non-religious people look for hidden causes of the events that happen to them and find the lessons of wisdom life teaches them.

Are you a deep thinker? What other existential questions have you thought over? Please share them with us in the comments below.

The following two tabs change content below.

Anna LeMind

Anna is the founder and lead editor of the website Learning-mind.com. She is passionate about learning new things and reflecting on thought-provoking ideas. She writes about science, psychology and other related topics. She is particularly interested in topics regarding introversion, consciousness and subconscious, perception, human mind's potential, as well as the nature of reality and the universe.

Copyright © 2018 Learning Mind. All rights reserved. For permission to reprint, contact us.


  1. Peter June 19, 2018 at 9:28 pm - Reply

    What is the purpose of the universe ?

  2. Gary Hynous June 21, 2018 at 8:41 pm - Reply

    Peter, Our universe is not the only one. According to scientists, we live in a multiverse in which many universes are bunched together like soap bubbles. It is possible that there are other versions of us in different universes. I don’t know what the ultimate purpose of our universe is. According to the “big Bang” theory, our universe came into existence when a super dense piece of matter exploded and the universe is still expanding. Existentialist’s would chalk this up to the simple matter of our existence. As to why the universe exists and what our purpose in it is, that’s a question for another day. Are you a religious person or a spiritual person. Is there a God?

  3. Margaret Randall July 5, 2018 at 6:45 am - Reply

    Well to me Science is God. God is Science. Make of this what you will!

  4. Amy Cross July 14, 2018 at 10:18 pm - Reply

    What is our conciousness and what happens to it after we die?

  5. Nils Knijn July 19, 2018 at 10:15 pm - Reply

    How can i live a happy life if i know that me living a happy life does not matter, humans live life from their own perspective so i shouldn’t worry about anything because i am the final decider of right and wrong, but am i? Is there something beneath my subconcious? Do i follow my brain or is it me who has controle over my brain?

    And how can i live in a society of small minded humans which exists out of individual status and “the public opinion” when i feel like i am no part of the public, when i feel like the public is a less compex evolved human race? And a threat to nature and higher forms of life

Leave A Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.