Existential questions have tortured human minds for millennia. Who are we? Where do we come from? What is the purpose of our existence?

If you are a deep thinker, you have probably asked yourself these and other existential questions. We are the only species on Earth that wonder about existence. Unfortunately, these queries rarely lead us to a certain answer.

They just leave us questioning and desperately trying to understand things that are bigger than ourselves. Sometimes it feels like these things are just not meant to be understood.

Today, let’s explore five existential questions that have only two possible answers. Moreover, the questions themselves are so terrifying that whichever answer is true, it is a scary thing to imagine.

1. Is there an afterlife?

You would certainly expect to see this question on this list. This is probably one of the first existential questions humans asked themselves. We all lose our loved ones to death and we all know that one day, we will die too, so it makes sense why we want to know what awaits us on the other side. So, is there life after death?

If yes, then there are so many scenarios of what exactly happens when we die. They start with the world’s oldest religions and end with fresh controversial theories like biocentrism. We humans have always feared the unknown, that’s why speculations about death make most of us feel uncomfortable.

What awaits us after death? The Christian Judgment Day? The Buddhist reincarnation? The scenarios are endless, but they all have one thing in common – our fate after death will depend on our deeds during our earthly life.

And this is a pretty gloomy possibility for the majority of people, given all the meanness, greed, and violence that we witness today.

If there is nothing after death and we just cease to exist, it may be even more terrifying. This scenario brings us to the materialistic view of life in which we are nothing but biochemical machines that simply stop working at some point.

So our consciousness, along with everything that makes us who we are, just vanishes forever. This perspective also suggests that there is no deeper meaning in our existence and we are just a part of the natural cycle of life and death.

2. Is the universe finite?

This is a more recent but also ancient existential question. Since humanity started to observe celestial bodies, more queries about our place in this world arose. Cosmological theories that asked whether the universe was finite or infinite first appeared in ancient Greece and Mesopotamia.

Since then, astronomy has advanced to an enormous extent and today we know so many things about our universe. Still, there is no conclusive answer to the question of whether it is finite or infinite.

According to the popular theory of the multiverse, our universe is just one of the multiple ones. However, even if our own universe is finite, then does this bunch of multiple universes end? If there is such a thing as the multiverse, the problem of infinity still remains unsolved.

And when you try to imagine either possibility, you probably find it difficult because our brains are not designed to capture the concept of infinity.

3. Are we alone in the universe?

The remarkable advances in astronomy and space exploration have made this question particularly popular. All kinds of people, from prominent researchers to sci-fi lovers, have suggested their theories and views on the matter.

The perspective that we are not the only living species in the universe brings more questions than answers. What would extraterrestrial beings be like? Would they be intelligent life like us? If yes, then why haven’t they attempt to contact us? All these questions pave the way for further imagination and speculation.

The only thing is for sure – extraterrestrials would probably be nothing like us. And here I’m not talking only about the way they look – the very life form of alien beings may be based on a different element.

If here on Earth, all living organisms are built of carbon compounds, an alien planet with a completely different environment could have silicon or ammonia-based life forms. Just imagining that one day we may encounter an unknown extraterrestrial civilization is exciting and scary at the same time.

On the other hand, if we are indeed alone in the universe, the very thought of it evokes the feelings of loneliness and fear. Just think about it – we are the only living beings lost in the depths of the vast and cold space… How lonely and frightening does it sound?

4. Is there a Higher power?

Another one of the most ancient existential questions humans asked themselves. A religious and traditional way of thinking gives a positive answer to this question. For centuries, this point of view was perceived as the only truth.

The existence of God was not questioned and people tended to think that their lives were in His pity. The absolute faith in God’s will basically remove a good portion of responsibility from humans as they believed He was the only one who controlled their lives.

This belief also cultivated the fear of death, which was regarded as the most important moment in a soul’s journey as its eternal fate was decided.

With the development of science and materialistic philosophy though, more and more people started to believe that there is no higher power. According to this perspective, humans rule their own lives without any extra help from some supreme being. This means that our life is in our hands and we hold full responsibility.

5. Is our existence just a product of a sequence of random events or is this all meant to be?

Continuing with the previous existential question, if there is no Higher power and humans have full control of their life, then why do bad things happen? No one wishes bad things for themselves, yet, they often happen even to good people.

According to one point of view, our life is just a sequence of random events that have no deeper meaning. So if tough times come in your way, you shouldn’t look for any hidden lessons in them.

On the other hand, people tend to seek meaning in everything that happens to them. It hurts to realize that our existence in this world means nothing and serves only for biological and evolutionary purposes.

For this reason, even non-religious people look for hidden causes of the events that happen to them and find the lessons of wisdom life teaches them.

Are you a deep thinker? What other existential questions have puzzled your mind? Please share them with us in the comments below.

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This Post Has 11 Comments

  1. Peter

    What is the purpose of the universe ?

    1. Mari


  2. Gary Hynous

    Peter, Our universe is not the only one. According to scientists, we live in a multiverse in which many universes are bunched together like soap bubbles. It is possible that there are other versions of us in different universes. I don’t know what the ultimate purpose of our universe is. According to the “big Bang” theory, our universe came into existence when a super dense piece of matter exploded and the universe is still expanding. Existentialist’s would chalk this up to the simple matter of our existence. As to why the universe exists and what our purpose in it is, that’s a question for another day. Are you a religious person or a spiritual person. Is there a God?

  3. Don

    After reading for years on the scientific aspects, I have come to believe there is no fundamental physical building block of the universe. This is what has lead to my present interest in cosmopsychism. That a (or any) universe exists at all is open to almost any interpretation, so a conscious universe is appealing to me. Through this, possibilities of who we are and that of afterlife take on meaning, which otherwise is a grab bag in a physical universe. Living in a universal mind is less difficult for me than the thought of an exploding infinite density with almost impossible odds of creating life and seemingly no purpose.

  4. Margaret Randall

    Well to me Science is God. God is Science. Make of this what you will!

  5. Amy Cross

    What is our conciousness and what happens to it after we die?

  6. Nils Knijn

    How can i live a happy life if i know that me living a happy life does not matter, humans live life from their own perspective so i shouldn’t worry about anything because i am the final decider of right and wrong, but am i? Is there something beneath my subconcious? Do i follow my brain or is it me who has controle over my brain?

    And how can i live in a society of small minded humans which exists out of individual status and “the public opinion” when i feel like i am no part of the public, when i feel like the public is a less compex evolved human race? And a threat to nature and higher forms of life

  7. Sandrine

    Why is society like this?

  8. Katie

    Am “I” my brain or my brain is just part of “me”
    (I know it’s a confusing question)

  9. mark dy

    Well, I’m not bothered of all this questions.

    Ecclesiastes 12:13
    13 After all this, there is only one thing to say: Have reverence for God, and obey his commands, because this is all that we were created for.

  10. M

    “For centuries, this [religious] point of view was perceived as the only truth.”

    Not so. See, for example:

    “Doubt: A History: The Great Doubters and Their Legacy of Innovation from Socrates and Jesus to Thomas Jefferson and Emily Dickinson” by Jennifer Michael Hecht

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